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The following information is from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_E._Sherwood

Robert Sherwood was an original member of the Algonquin Round Table and winner of three Pulitzer Prizes for play writing:

    Idiot's Delight (1936)
    Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1938)
    There Shall Be No Night (1940)

And one Pulitzer for Biography:

    Roosevelt and Hopkins (1948)

Sherwood was born in New Rochelle, NY and educated at Harvard University. He fought with the Canadian Black Watch in Europe during WW I and was wounded. After his return to the U.S., he began working as a movie critic for such magazines as Life and Vanity Fair.

His first play, The Road to Rome in 1927 was greeted with success. The play is a comedy concerning Hannibal's botched invasion of Rome. One of the underlying themes of this work is the stupidity of war. This is a recurrent motif in many of his dramatic works including his Idiot's Delight of 1936 which won the first of his four Pulitzer Prizes.

In addition to his work for the stage, Sherwood also was in demand in Hollywood. He began writing for the silver screen in 1926. While some of his work is uncredited, his films include many adaptations of his plays.

With Europe in the midst of World War II, Sherwood changed his anti-war stance and supported American involvement against the Third Reich. His 1940 play, There Shall Be No Night told the story of the Russian invasion of Finland. His patriotism led him to work as a speechwriter for President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He recounted this period with his book Roosevelt and Hopkins which won a Pulitzer Prize and a Bancroft Prize in 1949.

He returned to playwrighting after the war and produced his memorable script for the film The Best Years of Our Lives which was directed by William Wyler. The 1946 film explores how the lives of three servicemen have been changed after they return home from war.

Sherwood died of a heart attack in New York City in 1955.